环球教育在线测试系统

如何破解托福写作中的抽象话题?

2017-07-20编辑: 长安来自: 环球教育

  如何破解托福写作中的抽象话题?首先,跟随环球教育罗柏清老师回顾一下2017年2月25日的托福写作题:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The way a person is dressed in is a good indication of his/her personality.

  大意:衣如其人,so以貌取人。

  这道题看起来不太难,大家这么fashion素不素,其实很容易想到点,比如:穿着会跟风follow the trend, 所以看不出来个性。然而缺乏系统的头脑风暴法,写起来欠深度。

  那怎么个系统法?而深度怎么来?


  送你2个字:思辨。用更常见的说法,就是逻辑。

  给大家展示一下头脑风暴的过程:

  这个观点有没有道理呢?

  有啊,衣服是皮肤的延展嘛(e.g.颜色看出性格),要不然你花这么多钱买衣服做神马?

  送你2句格言:

  Clothing is an extension of our skin.

  We are what we wear.

  这个观点有没有不合理的地方呢?

  这道题关乎a person,这么宽泛怎么写!来~分个类:

  分类1(身份):学生,员工-明显2组人都能举出反例

  分类2(年龄):小孩,成年人,老人-小孩和老人可以举出反例

  分类3(收入):穷人,富人-穷人可以举出反例

  注意,这里采取了“分类讨论”的方法。

  这样文章主体段思路就清晰了:正-反-反。

  正:承认穿着可以在某种程度看出个性

  反:提出2种例外。

  而这里,2个反也有选择:

  1.在分类里面讨论:比如学生的穿着不一定反映个性;员工穿着不一定反映个性。

  2.在分类之间讨论:特定身份限制穿衣所以不能反映个性;收入限制穿衣所以不能反映个性。

  逻辑是不是!常严密!

  构思好了,送你一个大(tao)纲(lu)。

  第1段:The argument that … (改述题目) is compelling(=persuasive) to some extent, but it contains  conspicuous(=obvious) flaws. Even though clothes do sometimes show the personality of an individual, there are a number of important exceptions(例外).

  第2段(正):Admittedly, garment is an important way for people to express themselves. …

  第3段(反1):But many jobs require people to wear a specific type of clothes. In this case, how people are dressed does not tell much about their personality. …

  高分写法:however, many occupations have dress codes that limit the choice of clothes, and this seriously undercut the power of garments as a personality indicator.

  第4段(反2):in addition, the poor have to buy  the cheapest clothes, so how they are dressed cannot show us their personality.

  高分写法:in addition, the indigent usually have no choice but to purchase the cheapest clothes, and some are even in rags, which obviously do not tell much about their personality.

  第5段:In conclusion, although the manner of dress can show a person's personality to some extent, it is not always the case.

  有没有发现用的是哪种思路呢?

  这个看见“people/person”分类讨论的思路,还蛮实用。不信你试试这个题:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

  The most important goal of education is to teach people how to educate themselves.

  大意:教育最终的目的是让人们自学。

  参考思路:赞成

  转化题目为:论证为什么人们需要自学。

  用people做分类讨论 :

  1.students-自学能力,学术表现,工作和未来。

  2.working professionals-职场技能和知识更新,不断学习,升职,在竞争中生存

  3.old people-保持好奇心,预防老年痴呆(dementia),减少和年轻人沟通的障碍。

  本来写到上面来个戛然而止,回味无穷的,但是写作老师是有强迫症的!一定要写一个本文的conclusion:see?写抽象题目,拼的是逻辑。具体怎么体现的?1)思辨;2)分类讨论。

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