托福口语高分技巧之细节描述

2017-08-10编辑: 长安来自: 环球教育

  当一位托福考生有基本的表达能力,可以较多的用到答题时间,口语这一块一般都能拿到十几分;但他若想拿到二十分以上乃至24+,则需要在流利度和语调上有更好的表现以及注意一些高分技巧。环球教育徐品品老师就技巧之一——细节描述来谈一谈。

  托福口语的很多题目,尤其是独立口语部分,要求同学们在作答中给出细节。细节描述可以有两个作用:一是让作答更完整,二是能更好地展示作答者的语言水平;这些可以通过细节描述的两个主要方式来得到体现。


  一、使用有更强表意能力的形容词或副词

  具体做法是把一些常用的形容词或副词替换为它们更精确的近义词,如:

  good -- great, valuable, practical, talented, inspiring etc.

  bad -- difficult, unpleasant, frightening, depressing etc.

  nice (for a person) -- kind, helpful, encouraging, generous etc.

  nice (for an object) -- amazing, extraordinary, wonderful, useful etc.

  well (adverb) -- skillfully, quickly, efficiently etc.

  二、使用介词短语或从句来做定语或状语

  具体做法是当表达的句子过于简单时,我们多用一些介词短语或从句来表达时间、地点、原因、目的、方式等信息,或者用它们来替换本来想使用的单个形容词或副词。

  接下来我们来看几个使用这两种细节描述的例子;这些例子中的原表达来自于一些学生最初的作答,根据他们的原意,在不添加句子数量的情况下(所以可能用不完答题时间),仅通过增加细节描述来完成进阶版的表达:

  1.What was the most useful class that you took in high school? Give reasons for your response.

  原表达:Typing was a good class because I learned a lot. It was hard, but I'm glad that I worked hard and made progress. Now I can type well without looking at my hands.

  进阶表达:Typing was a practical class because I learned a lot of word-processing skills. It was a difficult class with daily homework assignments, but I'm glad that I worked hard and made significant progress. Now I can type quickly, easily and accurately without looking down at my hands.

  2.What is your favorite activity to do by yourself? Give reasons to explain your answer.

  原表达:I like to watch American TV series when I am alone. I can find a lot of good characters and enjoy good stories. It doesn't cost much. It is a nice way to learn English.

  进阶表达:I like to watch American TV series in the weekend when I am alone. I can find a lot of interesting characters and enjoy amazing and exciting stories. It doesn't cost much because we can download them on line, which is convenient, and I also enjoy it because it is helpful to English learning.

  3.Talk about a relative who taught you something important. Explain what you learned.

  原表达:I learned how to be patient from my uncle. He's a good man. He doesn't get angry. He rarely feels stressed.

  进阶表达:I learned how to be patient from my uncle. He's an excellent example of a patient man. He doesn't get upset or angry when plans change or things go wrong. He rarely feels stressed.

  4.Talk about an interesting place that you have visited. Use details in your response.

  原表达:I went to Paris. It was nice. It was large. I saw a lot of things. I ate some good food, and I met some nice people.

  进阶表达:I went to Paris for two weeks when I was in high school. It was a wonderful experience. It was the largest city I had ever visited. I saw a lot of famous monuments and museums. I ate some fancy French food, and I met some friendly French people my age.

  同学们多多练习吧。

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